COVID-19 Pandemic:
realities and needs of First Nations
living in urban area

principal investigators

Amanda Canapé, Marie-Eve Poitras,

Kate Bacon,

Sharon Hatcher

Funding

Research Chair in Optimal Professional Practices
in Primary Care

study setting

Saguenay Native Friendship Center

themes

COVID-19, First Nations, urban environment, needs, Indigenous people

Journey Map.jpg

Démarche de co-construction et storytelling

La collaboration réalisée avec le Centre d'amitié autochtone du Saguenay (maintenant Centre Mamik) dans le cadre de ce projet repose sur une démarche de co-construction et d'interventions culturellement sécuritaires. Plusieurs rencontres ont eu lieu afin de bien cerner les attentes et besoins des membres du centre ainsi que ceux de l'équipe de recherche avant de lancer l'étude.

 

Dans la culture autochtone, les événements et différents points de discussions sont amenés par l'histoire et la narration (storytelling) et c'est de cette façon que l'équipe a recueilli les divers témoignages sur les besoins de la communauté autochtone vivant en milieux urbains au Saguenay lors de la pandémie COVID-19. L'infographie ci-dessous illustre bien le développement de la relation entre l'équipe de recherche et celle du Centre d'amitié autochtone du Saguenay ainsi que les étapes et retombées du projet.

Why?

According to Statistics Canada's 2016 census, there are approximately 6,500 Indigenous people, including 1,760 First Nations people, who live in the Saguenay region. Most come from the Innu and Atikamekw communities. The third alternate between the city and the community and the majority come for studies or work. In the context of the COVID-19 pandemic, it is possible to believe that the issues and their needs are even greater. Responding to needs means better understanding the concerns, services available and service gaps perceived by Aboriginal people.   The current COVID-19 pandemic may be difficult for Indigenous people to perceive. This project stems from a need of the Saguenay Native Friendship Center to better understand the needs of the Aboriginal people attending the center in order to offer services that meet these needs. Thus, it was in the winter of 2020 that this wonderful adventure started.

What are our goals?

  1. Describe the needs of members of Aboriginal people living in urban areas in  COVID-19 pandemic context 

  2. Prioritize needs that can be met by CAAS representatives in partnership with CIUSSS representatives from SLSJ  

  3. Develop strategies and service offerings that could better meet the needs of Indigenous members living in urban areas in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic

How?

This descriptive qualitative participatory research was carried out through sharing circles; a methodology based on Aboriginal cultural principles where everyone comes together and discusses a topic. The sharing circles made it possible to collect the ideas and suggestions of Aboriginal people living in urban areas, with regard to the four spheres of health of Aboriginal culture: spiritual, mental, physical and emotional.   Thus, 5 meetings took place: 3 in presence and 2 with a digital platform in order to comply with health instructions.   Finally, a web surveySurvey Monkeywas posted online where participants were able to prioritize the development of the desired services.

 

 

 

 

What results have we had so far?

At the end of the data collection and analysis, it was possible for the team to establish the needs that must be met by an appropriate service offer. Among the elements that were mentioned by the participants, we note, among other things, an accompaniment service with an interpreter during hospital visits, online workshops on various themes related to Aboriginal culture and for entertainment, ashapituanand a gathering place in a natural environment as well as the distribution of food baskets.

Photo lors du cercle de partage avec le centre d'amitié autochtone du Saguenay et Marie-Eve Poitras - recherche - chaire

Part of the research team and participants during the Sharing Circle with the elder Marcel Pwtitkwe, October 2020.

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What they said

- Young Innu woman

"Watching the Prime Minister every day tell us that the number of cases was increasing, it was just so stressful"

Résultats

Au terme de la collecte des données et des analyses de celles-ci, il a été possible pour l’équipe d’établir les besoins qui doivent être comblés par une offre de services appropriée. Parmi les éléments ayant été mentionnés par les participants, on note entres autres un service d’accompagnement avec interprète lors de visites à l’hôpital, des ateliers en ligne sur des thèmes variés en lien avec la culture autochtone et pour se divertir, un shapituan et un lieu de rassemblement en milieu naturel ainsi que la distribution de paniers alimentaires.

Poster presenting the results of the study

You can browse the different stages of the project and the results through this poster. It also won the Public's Favorite award during the Réseau-1 Québec Annual Day in June 2021!

Affiche Autochtonie urbaine Réseau-1 Québec.png
COVID-19 Pandemic:
realities and needs of First Nations
living in urban area

principal investigators

Amanda Canapé, Marie-Eve Poitras,

Kate Bacon,

Sharon Hatcher

Funding

Research Chair in Optimal Professional Practices
in Primary Care

study setting

Saguenay Native Friendship Center

themes

COVID-19, First Nations, urban environment, needs, Indigenous people

Article scientifique

L'article scientifique faisant état des résultats de l'étude est une belle collaboration avec Kate Bacon et Amanda Canapé, (membres de l'ancien Centre d'amitié autochtone du Saguenay) et  est accessible en anglais.

Quels étaient nos objectifs?

Cette revue de la littérature avait pour objectif d'identifier les cadres de travail en place ou les innovations existantes qui sont culturellement adaptés aux membres des Premières Nations dans la gestion de leurs maladies chroniques dans un contexte de soins primaires. Nous avons extrait de l'étude des interventions culturellement sécuritaires à déployer ainsi que des stratégies pour intégrer la perception des patient(e)s autochtones dans l'amélioration des soins en première ligne !